Lopez Hill is the point of origin for important island watersheds, and is home to diverse and relatively pristine plant and animal communities. It affords feeding and nesting grounds for many varieties of birds and small mammals, and browse and shelter for deer. A broad spectrum of island flora—from fungi and saprophytes, lichens, and mosses, to ferns and tender broadleaf plants including delicate chocolate and calypso lilies, to a full range of island shrubs and trees—thrive on the hill’s rocky knolls, shady slopes and moist canyons. In all these ways, the hill represents a diverse and undisturbed inland sanctuary, a source of ecological strength and regeneration.
Read the Land Bank’s Ecological Assessment of the Hill:
Lopez Hill Ecological Assessment Final 2010
Calypso orchid, Calypso bulbosa
Calypso orchid white form, Calypso bulbosa albiflora
Spotted coralroot, Corallorrhiza maculata
Fawn lily, Erythronium oreganum
Camas lily, Camassia leichtlinii
Chocolate lily, Fritillaria_ anceolata
Oyster mushrooms, Pleurotus ostreatus, growing on an Alder log. Photo by Adrienne Adams.
Camas and buttercups on the top of The Hill
Twinflower, Linnaea borealis
Skunk cabbage, Lysichiton americanus
Red legged frog, Rana aurora
Rocky Mountian maple on Three Cedars Trail
Sea blush, Plectritis congesta. Photo by Adrienne Adams.
Lush gardens of mosses and lichens are a hallmark of Lopez Hill
One of the Hill’s many mossy outcroppings
Turkey Tail mushrooms, Trametes versicolor
Pink wintergreen, leafless form, Pyrola asarifolia aphylla
All photos by Adrienne Adams